What is protocol and its types?
A protocol is a set of rules that governs the communications between computers on a network.
In order for two computers to talk to each other, they must be speaking the same language.
IP/IPX (Network Layer) TCP/SPX (Transport Layer) HTTP, FTP, Telnet, SMTP, and DNS(combined Session/Presentation/Application Layers).
What are computer protocols?
Protocol, in computer science, a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices, such as computers. … Perhaps the most important computer protocol is OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), a set of guidelines for implementing networking communications between computers.
How many types of network protocols are there?
threeThere are three main types of network protocols. These include network management protocols, network communication protocols and network security protocols: Communication protocols include basic data communication tools like TCP/IP and HTTP. Security protocols include HTTPS, SFTP, and SSL.
What are the Layer 3 protocols?
The protocols used in Layer 3 include:Internet Protocols IPv4/v6.Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP)Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)Internet Protocol Security (IPsec)Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
What are the two types of protocol?
Common Internet protocols include TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), UDP/IP (User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) and FTP (File Transfer Protocol). TCP/IP is a stream protocol. This means that a connection is negotiated between a client and a server.
What is TCP vs UDP?
TCP and UDP are both transport layer protocols. TCP is a connection orientated protocol and provides reliable message transfer. UDP is a connection less protocol and does not guarantee message delivery.